There are several factors that can influence body weight, such as our genetics, physical activity, eating habits, and stresses. However, the hormones which are responsible for the regulation of metabolism play the most significant role in this process.
Hormones are act like chemical messengers that regulate all of the bodily functions to your body. Your hormones are accountable for making sure you get the right things you need to function properly and stay healthy. These chemicals are the ones that tell your body to store or burn fat.
If you have been unable to lose weight, despite with diet and exercise, 1 or more of the following hormones could be the culprit.
Cortisol is also known as stress hormone. It is produced by the adrenal glands to prevent blood sugar levels from dropping below normal. This the reason why when you’re stressed, you tend to eat more sugary products like chocolate, cake, ice cream, cake, and other sweets. By doing so, you are helping your body to accumulate strength to handle difficult situations. Cortisol slows down the metabolism to preserve more energy. You will gain weight if you have high cortisol levels in your blood.
Estrogen is also known as the female sex hormone. During menopause, the estrogen level decreases, causing weight gain, especially around the gut. Fat cells are found to be another source of estrogen that converts calories into fats, leading to obesity.
Glucose is a major source of energy for your cells. After eating, your blood glucose level rises, your pancreas is signaled to release more insulin. This is the hormone that aids to deliver glucose into cells. It is as if insulin is “thumping” on the door of your cells. The cells hear the thump, open up, and let in the glucose. Insulin does not only provide energy, but also collects and stores fat. If insulin is high, your body will store fat.
Leptin is also known as the satiety hormone. It is secreted by fat cells and directs a signal to the brain that you are full. Leptin controls your metabolism and helps cells figure out whether it should store fat or burn it. Your appetite increases and your body tends to store excess food as fat when your leptin level is low. Usually, the level of this hormone is reduced because of sleep deprivation. So make sure that you are getting enough sleep!
During menopause, there is a decline in the level of progesterone in the body. Declined level of this hormone does not actually cause weight gain, but actually causes water retention and bloating in women. Therefore, it makes your body feel fuller and heavier.
There are some women who suffer from the hormonal disorder called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). This hormonal disorder increases the level of testosterone, resulting to menstrual disorders, weight gain, facial hair, acne and infertility. Testosterone is accountable for muscle mass in women. When there is as decrease in the level of testosterone during menopause, there is a decrease in the metabolic rate, which results in weight gain.
Thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) are produced by the thyroid gland. Their main function is to induce lipolysis. They also play an significant role in regulating metabolic processes. If you have low thyroid hormones, you are likely to gain weight.