The crescent-shaped whitish area of the bed of a fingernail or toenail is called lunula (lunulae in plural). It is sometimes referred to as moons. It is the visible part of the toenail or fingernail.
The fingernails or toenails should be ruddy, restrained, tough, arc-shaped, smooth and glossy with clear lunulae which tell if a person is energetic and healthy. The more energetic a person is, the whiter the lunulae are; otherwise, the lunulae are poor and vague. The lunulae usually tells the disease of a person in the form of color change or disappearing crescent.
Learn how to run diagnostics of your health with the help of lunulae.
1. If You Have Overly Large Lunulae
When lunulae occupy a third (or more) of the fingernail, it is considered large. Having large lunulae indicate problems with the cardiovascular system, heartbeat disruption, and low blood pressure. Athletes and people whose occupation is connected with physical activity usually have large lunulae so If you are not involved in sports and has enlarged lunulae, it may be because of a high stress level.
2. If You Have Small Lunulae
Low blood pressure and circulatory disorders are symptoms of small lunulae. It may be a sign of a weak immune system, poor metabolism, or lack of iron and B12.
It indicates problems with blood sugar levels and the possible development of diabetes if the lunulae are noticeably separated from the rest of the nail plate with transverse lines.
3. If a Lunulae Changes On One Finger
The thumb lunula is connected with the work of the lungs and spleen. It’s the most visible of all and should take up no more than 25% of the whole fingernail. It can get bigger when you have arterial hypertension or significantly smaller in smokers.
The lunula on the index finger could disappear or get considerably smaller because of incorrect function of the intestine, pancreas, or chronic E.N.T. diseases. The middle finger lunula is connected with the cardiovascular system and the work of the brain.
A middle finger without lunula can indicate high blood pressure vascular problems. The ring finger is connected with the reproductive and lymphatic systems. A ring finger with barely visible lunula can indicate digestion problems. As a rule, a lunula on the little finger should be almost unnoticeable or completely absent. The little finger is responsible for the work of the kidneys, small intestine, and heart. An increased lunula on little
4. Lunulae Aren’t Visible at All
If you haven’t found lunulae on your own or your child’s nails, do not worry or panick. They’re often invisible on children’s nails and appear over time. Due to physiological specificities of the nail structure, they don’t appear for some people.
However, a sudden disappearance of lunulae is perceived as one of the symptoms of a circulatory disorder. The absence of lunulae is responsible with thyroid gland disorders and connected to a deficit of vitamin B12 and iron.
5. Change in Lunulae Color
Nails with white lunulae are healthy and natural. The lunulae should be several shades lighter than the skin. Nails with gray lunulae indicate digestion disorders, severe fatigue and possible difficulties in nutrient absorption.
Nails with purple lunulae indicate poor blood circulation and a lack of oxygen in the organs and tissues. Headaches and dizziness may often occur. Nails with pink (or red) lunulae are sign of low physical activity and lung problems. Nails with black lunulae are not common and extremely dangerous sign and could be a symptom of heavy metal poisoning.